Autism Insurance Reform State-By-State List & Timeline | #AutisticHistory #BanABA


Ban ABA

Autism insurance reform was rolled out through the United States, powered by non-Autistic parent-led organizations that excluded Autistics from being involved in a meaningful manner about Autistic healthcare.

Here is a list of states and the legislation that rolled out to force insurance companies to cover Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), or Autistic Conversion Therapy.

The range here (so far) is up to 2011. Some names also commonly seen throughout press releases are: Elizabeth Emken, Peter Bell, Bob Wright, Lorri Unumb


Jump: State List | Timeline

(Last updated: January 26, 2022)


State List

Alabama

Enacted March 21, 2008 

Legislation: HB 1315 SB 913



Alaska

Legislation: HB 187, HB 79, SB 250, SB 74

People: Pete Petersen, Sarah Palin, Sean Parnell



Arizona

Legislation: SB 1593HB 2487

AKA: Steven’s Law

PeopleJan BrewerAmanda AguirreChar UgolLisa GlowMelissa Van Hook, James AdamsCarolyn Warden

AlsoAutism Society of America, Greater Phoenix Chapter; ASA Pima County and Northern Arizona Chapter; Supporting Autism Now through Education (SANE); Asperger Parent Network; Arizona Autism Coalition; Arizona Autism Support; Southwest Autism Research & Resource Center (SARRC), Recover our Kids (ROK), and the Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD), among others. 



Arkansas

Enacted March 4, 2011

Legislation: SB 913, HB 1315

People: Uvalde Lindsey , Mary Anne Salmon,



California

Enacted Oct. 9, 2011

Legislation: AB 88, SB 1563, SB 946, SB 166 AB 171,

People: Jim Beall Jr.,Jerry Brown,Gavin Newsom, Don PerataDarrell SteinbergLorri Unumb

Also: Alliance of California Autism Organizations (ACAO),CA Legislative Blue Ribbon Commission, Department of Managed Health Care (DMHC)Autism SpeaksAutism Votes




Colorado

Enacted June 2, 2009

Legislation: SB 09-244 , SB 244

People: Bill Ritter Jr. , Brandon Shaffer



Connecticut

Enacted June 9, 2009

Legislation: CB 301, SB 301

People: Martin M. Looney, Christopher G. Donovan, M. Jodi Rell , Shannon Knall



Delaware

Legislation: S 22,

People: Liane Sorenson, Catherine Cloutier, Quinton Johnson



Florida

Enacted May 2, 2008

Legislation: SB 2654, HB 1291

People: Charlie Crist , Ari Porth, Kenneth Pruitt, Marco Rubio , Andy Gardiner, Steven Geller 



Georgia

Legislation: SB 161, HB 426

AKA: Ava’s Law

People: Johnny Grant, Katie Dempsey



Hawaii

Legislation: SB 744

People: Will Espero, Maile S. L. Shimabukuro



Idaho



Illinois

Legislation: SB 1900

People: James DeLeoPeter DiCianni, Lee Jorwic, Christopher Kennedy

Also: Autism Society of Illinois



Indiana

Enacted May 3, 2001



Iowa

Enacted April 29, 2010

Legislation: HF 2531, SF 2349

People: Mark Kuhn, Christopher Rants, Daryl Beall, Josh Cobbs

Also: Iowa Autism Council



Kansas

Enacted April 19, 2010 

Legislation: HB 2160, SB 12,

AKA: Kate’s Law

People: Mark Parkinson, Tim Owens, Mike Wasmer,

Also: Legislative Educational Planning Committee (LEPC), Kansas Coalition for Autism Legislation (KCAL)



Kentucky

Enacted April 14, 2010

Legislation: HB 159, HB 190

People: Jeff Greer, Tom Buford, Julie Denton, Brandon Smith, Robert Stivers, Anne Gregory, Scott W. Brinkman



Louisiana

Enacted July 2, 2008 

Legislation: HB 958

People: Bobby Jindal, Toni Peters, Franklin J. Foil, Don Cravins 


Maine

Enacted April 12, 2010

Legislation: LD 1198 (SP 446),

People: Peter Bowman 



Maryland

Enacted August 3, 2010

Legislation: H 4935

People: Kirill Reznik, Kathy Klausmeier, Doug Gansler

Also: Autism Society of America, Pathfinders for Autism, SEIU 500, Arc of Frederick County, Easter Seals, The Association of University Centers on Disabilities



Massachusetts

Enacted August 3, 2010

Legislation: H 4935 HB 0067_001 , HB 3809

People: Deval Patrick, Frederick Berry, Amy Weinstock, Barbara L’Italien, Lorri Unumb,

Also: Advocates For Autism of Massachusetts (AFAM)



Michigan

Legislation: HB 5527, HB 5529, SB 785, SB 784, HB 4476, HB 4183

People: Kathy Angerer, Tupac Hunter, Richard Ball



Minnesota

Legislation: HF 204, HF 359, SF 312

People: Kim Norton, Linda Scheid



Mississippi

Legislation: HB 720

People: Noal Akins



Missouri

Enacted June 10, 2010

Legislation: HB 1311, HB 1341, SB 618

People: Dwight Scharnhorst, Jason Grill, Scott Rupp, Bill Bolster

Also: Missouri Autism Coalition



Montana

Enacted May 5, 2009 

Legislation: SB 234,

AKA: Brandon’s Bill

People: Brian Schweitzer, Kim Gilan, Laura Simonsen, Kendall Van Dyk



Nebraska



Nevada

Enacted May 29, 2009

Legislation: AB 162,

People: Jim Gibbons, James Ohrenschall, Ralph Toddre

Also: Nevada Commission on Autism Spectrum Disorders



New Hampshire

Enacted July 23, 2010

Legislation: HB 569

AKA: Connor’s Law

People: Maggie Hassan, Kristin Murphy

Also: New Hampshire Council on Autism Spectrum Disorders, Autism Society of New Hampshire,



New Jersey

Enacted August 13, 2009

Legislation: S 1651, A 2238, S 1651

People: Jon Corzine, Joseph Roberts, Joan Voss, Vincent Prieto, Joseph Vitale, Loretta Weinberg



New Mexico

Enacted April 2, 2009

Legislation: SB 39, HB 155,

People: Bill Richardson, Gay Finlayson, Clinton D. Harden, Joni Marie Gutierrez



New York

Enacted Nov. 1, 2011 

Legislation: S. 2366, A. 6001, AB 8512, A 6305A, S 4005A, A 10372A, S 7000B, S 7000A, S 7000

People: Andrew Cuomo, Joseph Morelle, Charles Fuschillo, Jr., Neil Breslin, Thomas Duane



North Carolina

Legislation: S 1265, H 1897

People: William R. Purcell, Bob England,



North Dakota



Ohio

Legislation: HB 1, HB 8,

People: Ted Celeste, Nancy Garland, Doug Krinsky,



Oklahoma


Oregon

Legislation: HB 3000, HB 2214, SB 555

People: Peter Buckley, Jim Thompson, Chris Edwards, Suzanne Bonamici 



Pennsylvania

Enacted July 9, 2008

Legislation: HB 1150,

AKA: Autism Benefit Insurance Restoration Bill

People: Dennis O’Brien, Jane Orie, Robert Casey, Ed Rendell, Nick Micozzie, Tony DeLuca, Don White, Mike Stack, Dominic Pileggi, Joseph Scarnati, Robert Mellow, Richard Foxx, David Gates, James Bouder, Kim Motosicky, Rachel Brooks

Also: The Pennsylvania Health Law Project



Rhode Island

Enacted June 30, 2011 

Legislation: HB 5275, SB 107,

People: Lincoln Chafee, Peter Palumbo, Edward O’Neill, Teresa Paiva-Weed



South Carolina

Enacted June 7, 2007

Legislation:

AKA: Ryan’s Law

People: Mark Sanford, Lorri Unumb, Marcella Ridley, Lisa Rollings, Derrick Howle.



South Dakota



Tennessee



Texas

Enacted June 15, 2007

Legislation: HB 1919,

People: Rick Perry, Eddie Lucio, Cynthia Singleton

Also: Texas Association of Business 



Utah

Legislation: SB 43

AKA: Clay’s Law



Vermont

Enacted May 27, 2010



Virginia

Enacted May 6, 2011

Legislation: HB 1588, SB 1062, HB 2467,

People: Robert Marshall, David Poisson, Bob McDonnell, Janet Howell, Tag Greason, Tim Hugo, Teresa Champion

Also: Virginia Autism Project,



Washington

Legislation: SB 5059, HB 1210, SB 5203

AKA: Shayan’s Law

People: Ed Murray, Brendan Williams, Steve Hobbs 



West Virginia

Enacted April 1, 2011

Legislation: HB 2693

People: Earl Ray Tomblin, Barbara Evans Fleischauer, Evan H. Jenkins, Earlene Anglin



Wisconsin

Enacted October 19, 2009

Legislation: Substitute Amendment 1 to Senate Bill 3,

People: Jim Doyle, Judy Robson, Kim Hixson, Sonja Bingen, Amy Masek, Nissan Bar-Lev, Judy Robson

Also: Wisconsin Autism Insurance Now



Wyoming


Washington DC

Legislation: Health Insurance Coverage for Children with Autism Act of 2009

People: Tommy Wells, Muriel Bowser, Stuart Spielman

Timeline

  • May 3, 2001

    Indiana

  • June 7, 2007

    South Carolina

  • June 15, 2007

    Texas

    Amended June 19, 2009; June 15, 2013

  • March 21, 2008

    Arizona

  • May 2, 2008

    Florida

  • July 2, 2008 

    Louisiana

    Amended June 28, 2012 

  • July 9, 2008

    Pennsylvania

  • April 2, 2009

    New Mexico

    Amended April 5, 2013

  • May 5, 2009 

    Montana

  • May 29, 2009

    Nevada

  • June 2, 2009

    Colorado

  • June 9, 2009

    Connecticut

  • August 13, 2009

    New Jersey

  • April 12, 2010

    Maine

    Amended May 1, 2014

  • April 14, 2010

    Kentucky

  • April 19, 2010 

    Kansas

    Amended April 16, 2014 

  • April 29, 2010

    Iowa

  • May 27, 2010

    Vermont

    Amended May 16, 2012 

  • June 10, 2010

    Missouri

  • July 23, 2010

    New Hampshire

  • August 3, 2010

    Massachusetts

    Amended January 11, 2013

  • March 4, 2011

    Arkansas

  • April 1, 2011

    West Virginia

    Amended April 2, 2012

  • May 6, 2011

    Virginia

    Amended February 7, 2012

  • June 30, 2011 

    Rhode Island

    Amended June 28, 2012 

  • October 9, 2011

    California

    Amended October 10, 2013

  • Nov. 1, 2011 

    New York

  • April 18, 2012

    Michigan

  • June 27, 2012

    Alaska

  • August 13, 2012

    Delaware

  • May 23, 2013

    Minnesota

  • July 17, 2013

    District of Columbia

  • August 15, 2013

    Oregon

  • April 2, 2014

    Utah

  • April 21, 2014

    Nebraska

  • May 5, 2014

    Maryland

  • May 19, 2014

    U.S. Virgin Islands

  • November 15, 2014

    Washington

    Announced (litigation, state regulation)

  • March 19, 2015

    South Dakota

  • March 27, 2015

    Mississippi

  • April 29, 2015

    Georgia

  • July 13, 2015

    Hawaii

  • October 15, 2015

    North Carolina

  • May 4, 2016

    Oklahoma

  • May 19, 2017

    Alabama

  • January 4, 2017

    Ohio



Note/Warning:

Autistic people have fought the inclusion of ABA in therapy for us since before Autism Speaks, and other non-Autistic-led autism organizations, started lobbying legislation to get it covered by insurances and Medicaid. 

ABA is a myth originally sold to parents that it would keep their Autistic child out of an institution. Today, parents are told that with early intervention therapy their child will either be less Autistic or no longer Autistic by elementary school, and can be mainstreamed in typical education classes. ABA is very expensive to pay out of pocket. Essentially, Autism Speaks has justified the big price tag up front will offset the overall burden on resources for an Autistic’s lifetime. The recommendation for this therapy is 40 hours a week for children and toddlers.

The original study that showed the success rate of ABA to be at 50% has never been replicated. In fact, the study of ABA by United States Department of Defense was denounced as a failure. Not just once, but multiple times. Simply stated: ABA doesn’t workIn study after repeated study: ABA (conversion therapy) doesn’t work. 

What more recent studies do show: Autistics who experienced ABA therapy are at high risk to develop PTSD and other lifelong trauma-related conditions. Historically, the autism organizations promoting ABA as a cure or solution have silenced Autistic advocates’ opposition. ABA is also known as gay conversion therapy.


The ‘cure’ for Autistics not born yet is the prevention of birth. 

The ‘cure’ is a choice to terminate a pregnancy based on ‘autism risk.’ The cure is abortion. This is the same ‘cure’ society has for Down Syndrome. 

This is eugenics 2021. Instead of killing Autistics and disabled children in gas chambers or ‘mercy killings’ like in Aktion T4, it’ll happen at the doctor’s office, quietly, one Autistic baby at a time. Different approaches yes, but still eugenics and the extinction of an entire minority group of people.


Fact: You can’t cure Autistics from being Autistic.

Fact: You can’t recover an Autistic from being Autistic.

Fact: You can groom an Autistic to mask and hide their traits. Somewhat. … however, this comes at the expense of the Autistic child, promotes Autistic Burnout (this should not be confused with typical burnout, Autistic Burnout can kill Autistics), and places the Autistic child at high risk for PTSD and other lifelong trauma-related conditions.


[Note: Autism is NOT a disease, but a neurodevelopmental difference and disability.]


Fact: Vaccines Do Not Cause Autism.


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