What is ABA?
ABA stands for Applied Behavior Analysis. ABA is a type of therapy that focuses on improving behaviors such as social skills, communication, reading academics, etc. ABA is effective on children and adults with psychological disorders and neurological differences. Some methods are opperant conditioning, classical conditioning and other dog training techniques. Its goals it to make a child appear typical. There is no room for a child having emotions or feelings through the process. It leaves the child to feel over time that they are not good enough and they need to mask. They must never show their true self. If a child does not comply, they have been known to restrain, take away a comfort item, etc. It has been known to cause PTSD. A link to the study.
History of ABA
ABA’s roots are with behaviorism. In the 1950’s Dr. Ole Ivar Lovaas started his work in institutional settings were treatments used using Freudian approaches. People who were self injuring were given hugs and given love (no body autonomy there). There was a theory that they were acting out because their parents did not show them love or were incapable of doing so. In 1960, Dr. Leo Kanner described parents of autistic children as “happening to defrost enough to produce a child.” This is where the term “refrigerator parent” came from. Bruno Bettelheim promoted the use of the term. Bettleheim felt the children would benefit from a “parent ectomy” or removed from the home. They would be better served in a clinic or an institution. This was when autism was viewed as a disorder of faulty parenting.
Don Baer, Montrose Wolf, Sid Bijou, Todd Risley, James Sherman and Ivar Lovaas were establishing behavior modification at the University of Washington. Lovaas introduced behavior modification to institutions for people self injuring behaviors. Some were sever enough to cause premature death. …
Read Full Article at Source: Fierce Autie: What is ABA and My Experience
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